It was a pig. A very large, lean, elegant black pig with a white patch around one eye.
Click on a title below for book recommendations; reading, writing, and art information and activities; and discussion questions.
Babies Babies Babies! Annotated List of Suggested Read Alouds and Independent Reads
by Thom Barthelmess, Curator at the Butler Children’s Literature Center at Dominican University
Burningham, John. Avocado Baby. 32p. Gr. K-3
James, Simon. Baby Brains: The Smartest Baby in the Whole World. 32p. Gr. K-3
Wood, Audrey, illustrated by David Shannon. The Bunyans. 32p. Gr. K-4.
Coloumbis, Audrey. Getting Near to Baby. 224p. Gr. 3-6.
Fine, Anne, Flour Babies. 192p. Gr. 5-9.
Gaiman, Neil, illustrated by Dave McKean. The Graveyard Book. 320p. Gr. 4-8.
Discussion Questions and Activities
by Geri Zabela Eddins, NCBLA
Episode Four begins with a pig…a talking pig! Have you ever read a book or story that featured a talking pig? Or other types of talking animals? Perhaps you might have read a book about a pig named Wilbur and a spider named Charlotte? (The book is Charlotte’s Web by E. B. White, of course.) Why do you think writers choose to let animals talk in their stories? What can we learn from stories that feature talking animals?
Can you think of other books you may have read that include talking animals? Do you enjoy these books? Talking animals are common characters in many works of fantasy fiction. Fantasy fiction is a broad category of fiction that is typically defined as a story “set wholly or in part in a vaguely medieval Arthurian or imaginary land populated by inhabitants subject to magic, as well as by magical figures, creatures, or beasts.” However, fantasy fiction also includes books that are categorized as animal fantasy. The subgenre animal fantasy includes not only Charlotte’s Web, but also such books as The Wind in the Willows by Kenneth Grahame, Babe: The Gallant Pig by Dick King-Smith, Brian Jacques’ Redwall series, and The Tale of Despereaux by Kate DiCamillo. Would you have thought that a book like Charlotte’s Web would be classified as fantasy? Why or why not?
Episode Four also introduces a character named Albert Einstein. Did you know that there was a real scientist named Einstein? Find out something about him. How do you think he came to be in this story? Do you think Susan Cooper intends for him to be the “real” Einstein? If so, think of how that might be possible. A time warp perhaps?
What do you think about Max, the roller-skating baby? How did you react when you first read that passage? Can you imagine a baby roller skating? Would you consider Max to be a character of fantasy? Why or why not? Do you think Max will become important to the story? In what way?
Grab a writing partner and pen a tale by two! Let one person write a few sentences to start your tale, then hand the paper (or email or word processing file) to your partner to add to it. Pass your tale back and forth until one of you ends the story.
Murfin, Ross and Supryia M. Ray. (2003). The Bedford Glossary of Critical and Literary Terms.
Activities for the Classroom
by Meg Sullivan
People who make movies and TV shows often start by creating storyboards. Storyboards are a series of drawings that depict the sequence of scenes they want to film. The creators of movies and television shows often create storyboards to help them plan the stories and the camera shots they need to take.
You can also use storyboards to create visual depictions of texts. An important strategy for readers is to create a camera in the mind and then use storyboarding to transfer these images to paper. In this way, storyboarding can be used to help students sequence events, notice details, and increase their mindful reading.
Students can create a series of storyboards for each episode of The Exquisite Corpse Adventure. They can do this easily by folding a plain piece of paper into thirds or using separate pieces of paper or index cards. Have the students think of each section or piece of paper as a different camera “shot.” Ask them to consider the following questions as they create each storyboard:
• What do you want to demonstrate?
• What lines helped you see this?
• What music or sound effects would you imagine in this scene? Why?
This storyboard was adapted from the book: Golden, J. (2001) Reading in the Dark: Using Film as a Tool in the English Classroom. (p. 55). Urbana, IL: National Council for the Teachers of English.
For Parents, Teachers, LibrariansTalk Art!
Timothy Basil Ering’s Exquisite Corpse Adventure Illustration for Episode Four
by Mary Brigid Barrett
Electrifying is the word that describes Timothy Basil Ering’s illustration for Episode Four of The Exquisite Corpse Adventure, “Dig That Pig” by Susan Cooperand not because of the interesting gadget in the foreground! Mr. Ering imbued his illustration with a movement and energy that animates the page even though it is one single image. An interesting question to pose to the kids in your family, in your classroom, or library ishow did he create that energy?
Observations and Discussion Questions:
Have your kids reread Episode Four and ask them what impresses them about the episode. Does it contain lively or passive dialogue? Is it descriptive? Is it jam-packed with action? Is it a usual everyday scene or is it unusual, unexpected? Is there a lot or a little happening in this episode? Did Mr. Ering make interesting choices in his illustration that allow readers to visualize the scene? Does his illustration reflect the pace of the episode on an emotional level?
It might help your discussion to compare and contrast the illustration Mr. Ering did for The Exquisite Corpse Adventure with the illustration he created for the NCBLA publication Our White House: Looking In, Looking Out,) which depicts Union soldiers sleeping in the East Room of the White House during the Civil War (see below, but find Our White House at your local library or bookstore to see the full details in Mr. Ering’s illustration). These two illustrations depict very different situations; one was created for a work of fiction, the other illuminates an actual historical occurrence. But both illustrations use line, color, and design to portray very different levels of energy, very different emotional ambiances.
Ask young people which of the two illustrations emanates a sense of calm? A sense of electric excitement? Hopefully they will be aware that the Our White House illustration is far calmer than the Exquisite Corpse illustration, but see if you can lead the discussion to help them become more discriminating viewers or “readers” of the pictures by helping them discover the subtle nuances.
In Mr. Ering’s Our White House Civil War illustration, there is a strong horizontal movement to the design. Horizontal movements in pictures are usually more calming than vertical or diagonal designs (for related information and art exercise, see: For Parents, Teachers, LibrariansTalk Art! Chris Van Dusen’s Exquisite Corpse Adventure Illustration for Episode One). From a composition and design perspective, how has Mr. Ering arranged the sleeping soldiersare they sleeping, as many groups of people would, in a helter-skelter disarray around the room, or are the soldiers arranged in an orderly fashion? And is that grouping of soldiers reassuring or alarming? Is there anything disturbing in the illustration that is causing an underlying sense of subtle anxiety? The answer is, of course, the guns provide a disturbing element, but have the kids look at the guns as a design function. Are the guns a part of the strong horizontal movement in the illustration or are they disruptive to that movement? And where Mr. Ering has placed them on the picture is very important. They have been placed far right, almost off the edge of the painting. Would the emotional impact of the illustration have changed if Mr. Ering had put them in a more central position in his composition? If they were more prominent in the illustration, would the emotional impact of the illustration have changed? It might be interesting for young people to do a bit of detective work in the library and on the Internetthe Library of Congress website could be of great helpto see if they can find any actual civil war photographs, or perhaps historic newspaper illustrations, to see how much Mr. Ering’s design choices were shaped by historic visual references. Mr. Ering’s Our White House Civil War illustration is masterful in that yes, it emanates a sense of peace and calm, but one cannot help but feel an underlying sense of anxiety there, too, reminding us that in wartime, even the most usual everyday occurrences, like going to sleep at night, are fraught with deeper layers of fear and anxiety.
In The Exquisite Corpse Adventure illustration, the major movement in the illustration is circular, cyclonic in factthat roller-skating baby is literally a whirling dervish! Have young people take a good look at Mr. Ering’s illustration, at his line, his brushwork, and at the texture of the painting. In many illustrations and paintings artists work to make their brush work smooth and seamless like a piece of glass, so that the viewer cannot distinguish one stroke of the brush from another. Mr. Ering does exactly the opposite in this illustration. His line and brushwork are highly apparent. Ask young people to describe to you how Mr. Ering uses line and brushwork to give the feeling of movement to his illustration. Ask someone to whirl around the classroom like a ballerina on point. Or watch a top as it spins across the table floor or desk. Do the lines and the shapes of objects blur when the object is spinning? Does his line and brushwork mimic the action of the whirling baby and the whip movement in the background of the illustration?
Details from Timothy Basil Ering’s Illustration
1. Gather items that spintops, marbles, ballsand have kids just sit and watch them spin. Then give then paper and pencils and ask them to draw what they see when an object spins.
2. Now ask them to try and draw or paint a person and/or animal in motion. You might want to show Marcel Duchamp’s painting, Nude Descending a Staircase, No.2 (see below) to show them a totally different approach to depicting motion in a painting . And you may want to have some of the kids demonstrate different kinds of motion and actions so your artists can sketch those actions: walking, skipping, running, swinging a baseball bat, twirling, skipping, dancing, skating, etc.
More Art Lessons and Exercises That Explore Motion:
Share the photographic work of Eadweard Muybridge and Etienne-Jules Marey with young people. Muybridge was an innovative 19th century photographic pioneer who used multiple cameras to record motion of people and animals. Have your kids find out why and how Muybridge began photographing horses in actionit’s a great story! Etienne-Jules Marey was a French scientist who studied motion and worked with Muybridge to create stop-action photography, work that foreshadowed contemporary motion pictures.
Have your students create their own “stop action” drawings by recording on uniformly sized paper all the various stages of a simple action. They can also make individual photographs of simple actions. These photographs and drawings can be made into flipperor as they say in Great Britainflicker books.
“Stop action” photography is a great way to introduce young people to film making because it is a form of animation that they can try out themselves with limited funds. Be forewarned, it does take an immense amount of time! Wallace and Gromit films, done in claymation, are stop action films that young people can mimic because modeling clay is a medium easily used and enjoyed by young and old alike.
And be sure to check out Timothy Basil Ering’s website at: www.timothybasilering.com/
Look for his new bookFinn Throws a Fit!at your local library and bookstore!
© 2009 Mary Brigid Barrett